What are Roller Skate Wheels Made of? [Polyurethane or Anything Else?]

wheels made of

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Roller Skate wheels are one of the most important parts of a roller skate. They are made up of two or more layers that may include: plastic, rubber, and foam. The first layer is an antiskid and wear-resistant material such as polyurethane, PVC, or ABS. The other layer can be either rubber or EVA (ethylene vinyl acetate). The thickness and hardness of the wheel vary depending on the type of skating activity.

The roller skate wheel is composed of two layers, a hard outer shell, and a softer inner core. The inner core is made by mixing polyurethane with other ingredients to control the hardness, strength, rebound elasticity, and anti-flatulence properties of the wheel.

Materials of Roller Skate Wheels

The roller skate wheel is made up of three parts: the inner core, the outer core, and the bearing.

The inner core is made from polyurethane or another type of plastic material. The outer core is also made from a type of plastic material, which connects to two metal plates to create a spindle that can be used as an axle on one end, while it has an attached bearing on the other end that will allow you to attach it to your shoe on either side.

There are six different materials that make up a wheel: urethane, polyurethane, plastic, rubber, nylon, and carbon fiber.

What is Polyurethane?

Polyurethane is a synthetic material that is made out of organic and inorganic substances and used for making various products like adhesives, paints, varnishes, leather goods, and roller skate wheels.

Polyurethane is the most popular material used to make roller skate wheels. It does not rust or corrodes as easily as steel. This is because it has a very low coefficient of friction as compared to metal.

Pros of Urethane Wheels

Polyurethane wheels are made of plastic and rubber, so they are durable and provide a smooth ride.

They are also lightweight, which makes the skate less weight and makes them easy to transport. See some top polyurethane-made wheels.


One downside of these types of wheels is that they can’t be used outdoors because they melt when it snows.

What is a Metal Roller Skate Wheel?

Some people might first think of the sound of metal roller skate wheels as a nuisance. But for some, these wheels are an essential part of their skating experience. They provide more grip on the ground and prevent skaters from slipping or sliding.

Metal roller skate wheels are often overlooked but they are actually an integral part of any skater’s setup. Metal roller skate wheels can help with balance and stability while also preventing skaters from slipping or sliding during use.


Skaters suffer from many problems because of metal roller skate wheels. One is that they are so heavy, and this makes it difficult to balance and move around. (Learn detail about Skate Weight)

Another problem is they don’t grip the surface very well, and this can cause skaters to lose their momentum and fall. Skate injuries involving metal wheels are more severe than when using molded plastic wheels. Metal wheeled skates also require more maintenance than when using molded plastic wheels.

What are Plastic Roller Skate Wheels?

The first type of roller skate wheel is plastic wheels that are typically found on outdoor or recreational roller skates. These wheels are very durable because they do not have a hollowed-out core like the polyurethane wheel does, so they need to be strong enough to be used outside on pavement or other rough surfaces.

Plastic roller skate wheels are typically much lighter than other types of roller skate wheels so the skater can get more speed on their turns.

Demerits of Plastic Roller Skate Wheels

The drawback of plastic roller skate wheels is that they can be noisy which can be distracting for others. The other issue with the wheels is that they are not as durable as metal or urethane wheels.

Components of Roller Skate Wheels

Roller skating wheels have four basic components, which should be chosen carefully to provide the best performance-to-cost ratio.

The four basic components are the wheel rim, the hub, the bearings, and the bearing cups.

Uses of Rubber in Roller Skate Wheels

When you think of the word “rubber,” chances are you’re envisioning a puddle, a tire, or a set of roller skate wheels. What do these things have in common? They all need rubber to make them work. When it comes to making roller skate wheels, rubber is put between two plates and heated up to create a thin sheet. This sheet is then cut into little circles and fastened onto the inner edge of the skate wheel.

How Roller Skate Wheels Work

Roller skates are a popular form of recreation and transportation. Roller skate wheels provide the push needed to move the skater forward. Pair this with a good grip and you’ll be cruising in no time!

Roller Skate Wheel Types

There are three types of roller skate wheels: soft, hard, and medium.

The soft roller skate wheel is the most common type of flat wheel. They are typically used for recreational skating and not for speed skating. A softer wheel has a smaller contact patch than a hard wheel, which means that the pressure on the ground is less when moving at the same velocity. This leads to a smoother ride with less vibration transferred to your body when skating at slower speeds.

Medium wheels provide good stability for speed skating and inline hockey, but not as much as a hard or soft wheel.

There are some differences between indoor and outdoor wheels too. Check out here for more.


What are roller shoes made of?

Roller shoes use polyurethane-based plastic for many of their parts. This includes the wheels and axles.

What were old roller skate wheels made of?

Earlier, makers used boxwood and rubber springs to make four wheels of roller skates.

When did they stop using wooden wheels on roller skates?

Until 1910, roller skates were made from wooden wheels. After then, more research came into action and finally in the 1960s, manufacturers started using polyurethane and plastic to make roller skates.

Conclusion: Why do Materials of Wheels Matter in Roller Skating

Roller skating is a form of recreational activity where one can enjoy the benefits of both skating and walking. The wheels on a roller skate are an important part as they allow for smooth and easy rolling on a surface.

A material used to manufacture the wheels of a roller skate has a direct impact on the overall quality of the skate. They provide a smoother ride and more grip on the skating surface. That is why it is important for wheels to be made from durable materials like polyurethane. The wheels’ durability will allow for more skating sessions before they need to be replaced.

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